One sex model

Duration: 13min 32sec Views: 581 Submitted: 09.12.2019
Category: Latina
By Thomas Laqueur. Cambridge, Mass. By showing that our ideas about biology, even anatomy, have been heavily influenced by our cultural concepts of gender, it provides an object lesson for people, particularly sociobiologists, who derive moral precepts quickly and decisively from anatomical or physiological facts. Laqueur, a professor of history at the University of California, Berkeley, gives us an excellent sense of how our predecessors, including physicians and scientists, thought about the anatomy that fascinates every schoolchild. For example, his illustrated comparison of various Renaissance anatomy texts demonstrates the enthusiasm with which Vesalius and his contemporaries dissected human cadavers, and then tendentiously emphasized the similarity of the vagina and the penis by drawing the female genitalia as interior versions of the male sex organs.

One-sex and two-sex theories

LEIB und LEBEN - VAGINALOGY Gender Identity One Sex Model

Laqueur postulated that a shift had occurred sometime in the eighteenth-century away from a model of sexual difference that, he argued, had predominated since classical antiquity. As she notes, the appeal of the one-sex vs. However, King succeeds in doing just this. Drawing on a diverse range of medical and non-medical sources from the fifth century BC to the nineteenth century, King shows that, rather than there being a specific moment in the eighteenth century when the one-sex body was replaced by a two-sex one, no historical period in which the one-sex model completely dominated can be clearly identified and that these two ways of imagining the body had coexisted alongside each other since antiquity. The book is divided into three sections. In the following sections the approach changes—instead of listing examples demonstrating how Laqueur was right or wrong about specific points of detail we are instead provided with richly detailed diachronic analyses of two stories taken from classical texts. King examines how these stories were interpreted from antiquity through to the present day and, through them, traces some of the different ways that sexual difference can be imagined.

One Sex or Two

Thomas Laqueur is an American scientist whose main research is culture and history of sexology. In his book "Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud" he postulates the hypothesis that prior to the eighteenth century in European culture man was regarded as prototype, that is, an ideal of a human being. Woman was only described as imperfect man.
The term one-sex theory refers to the belief that there was only one sex and it was male. The theory originated in the writings of Aristotle and Galen; they had postulated a structural homology between the sexual organs of men and women whereby they were basically the same, except that those of men lay outside the body while those of women lay inside it and were, naturally, reversed: a vagina was a penis turned inside, the ovaries were the testicles, and so on. Similarly, bodily fluids semen, blood, milk were basically the same, being composed of the same fungible matter. The difference between men and women was not, therefore, one of kind two different types of beings , but of degree various types of the same being. The theory postulated that, in the final stages of gestation immediately preceding birth, heat drove the sexual organs out of the fetus's body and created a man; should there not be enough heat, an incompletely formed male that is, a female would be born.